媒介看似起作用了,电子书很难记住

  媒介看似起作用了,电子书很难记住
  从一程度看,电子书可以作为更好的教科书,易于更新,可以有更多地格式,允许读者互动,可以有考试,有音频,视频或者其他的电子媒体以加强课堂效果,“通过电子书需要更长的时间,需要更频阅读电子书达到”认知”状态,这样通过电脑阅读的人才能赶上看书的人,

注:英语原文做参考:

Do E-Books Make It Harder to Remember What You Just Read?

Digital books are lighter and more convenient to tote around than paper books, but there may be advantages to old technology。
  

生日,我有一个灵感,除了我要准备研究的科学外,欣赏“电子书”。 我上传我喜欢的的作品。但是,我很快发现,我很难回想各个章节的名称。起初,我将失忆归咎于变老这一令人恐慌的现实。但是,我后来发现我看报纸不存在这样的问题。

我和朋友及同事谈及这个离奇的记忆,我发现不仅仅我一个人有这样的经验。在络上,我发现,Google’s Larry页有关于这方面的研究,电子书阅读比纸质书籍阅读慢。

这看似对学术界的影响很特别,电子书取代我常搬动的一册册的书卷。从一程度看,电子书可以作为更好的教科书,易于更新,可以有更多地格式,允许读者互动,可以有考试,有音频,视频或者其他的电子媒体以加强课堂效果。但是,一些研究表明如果要长期记住你看过的,纸质书籍更有优势。

Kate Garland, 在英格兰Leicester 大学心理学的一位学者,是研究这个问题和对数据分析的科学家之一。她发现同一个信息由两种媒介来表现,很难测定学生表现的差异。

但是,但是有一些细微的差别,大家喜欢的印刷品,有长期效果。在心理学的学生参加的一个研究中,媒介看似起作用了。 “我们像心理学学得不好的人问他们不知道的经济学” 她说,差别呈现出来了。一方面,需要重复播放电子书传授同样的知识。另一方面,看书的学生好像更多的消化了知识。Garland 解释,当你回想某些内容,你知道它,它好像又再现,没有意思的回想你学到的上下文,或者你记住它,是通过提示自己它的上下文,然后找到答案。“认知”更好,因为你能更快更容易回想一些重要的要素。

“我们发现人们靠纸张来认识事物比时间流逝还快。”Garland说。 “通过电子书需要更长的时间,需要更频阅读电子书达到”认知”状态,这样通过电脑阅读的人才能赶上看书的人。”

上下文和基准点实际上对从“记住”到“认知”阶段很重要。更能触发记忆的联系,更易回忆起。最后,看似不相关的因素,如记住你读到的页首和页尾的东西,或者展开的两页中左边一页和右边一页或接近一个图表,可以帮助你记忆中的东西联系起来。

注:英语原文做参考:

Do E-Books Make It Harder to Rem  ember What You Just Read?

Digital books are lighter and more convenient to tote around than paper books, but there may be advantages to old technology。

By Maia Szalavitz | @maiasz | March 14, 2012 |

I received a Kindle for my birthday, and enjoying “light reading,” in addition to the dense science I read for work, I immediately loaded it with mysteries by my favorite authors。 But I soon found that I had difficulty recalling the names of characters from chapter to chapter。 At first, I attributed the lapses to a scary reality of getting older — but then I discovered that I didn’t have this problem when I read paperbacks。

When I discussed my quirky recall with friends and colleagues, I found out I wasn’t the only one who suffered from “e-book moments。” Online, I discovered that Google’s Larry Page himself had concerns about research showing that on-screen reading is measurably slower than reading on paper。

This seems like a particularly troubling t  rend for academia, where digital books are slowly overtaking the heavy tomes I used to lug around。 On many levels, e-books seem like better alternatives to textbooks — they can be easily updated and many formats allow readers to interact with the material more, with quizzes, video, audio and other multimedia to reinforce lessons。 But some studies suggest that there may be significant advantages in printed books if your goal is to remember what you read long-term。

  我上传我喜欢的的作品,

但是,但是有一些细微的差别,大家喜欢的印刷品,有长期效果,更能触发记忆的联系,更易回忆起,

By Maia Szalavitz | @maiasz | March 14, 2012 |

I received a Kindle for my birthday, and enjoying “light reading,” in addition to the dense science I read for work, I immediately loaded it with mysteries by my favorite authors。

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